How to clean a wound using 6 stages of cleaning + 4 medical ways how to clean an infected wound + 4 important conditions how to clean a deep wound.
Wounds are the damages of the entity of the skins, the mucous coat or the human organs.
The danger of these damages is the possible infection which can appear from the dirt that got into the wound.
Lest it happened, you need to learn how to clean the area.
Our article is sure to teach you how to clean a wound.
How to clean a wound using the first aid?
6 stages of how to clean a wound after the skin has been damaged:
Discover the injuries.
As soon as you define the injury, you must not be distracted by the first wounds you see.
In case the mechanism of the injury is relatively big, it may lead to a more serious damage which needs your attention in the first turn.
It especially concerns the stab wounds (caused by the bullets, fish hooks, etc.) which might have the exit.
Stop the bleeding!
If the bleeding is not serious, you may skip this stage.
However, in case it is huge, you must make sure you set a compression bandage well.
If the bleeding is strong and you waste your time on cleaning the wound thoroughly, eventually, this delay may still lead to death.
Define whether you need to turn to a doctor.
If the wound is serious, you must turn to a doctor and let him examine it.
He is able to clean it and make some stitches if there is a necessity.
If the cut is not serious, you may pass over to the next step.
Eliminate the foreign bodies.
Examine the injury and if it has some objects, you must thoroughly remove them avoiding the further damage of the tissues.
The flowing water or the pincers are the good tools which are able to help you.
Sterilize a wound.
Use soap and water or the special sterilizing product.
Besides, you may use the aseptic napkins with alcohol which are often contained in the first aid kit.
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Apply the wound textile or the bandage to the injury.
The wound textile is the part which is applied to the wound while the bandage is the thing that keeps it there.
If the injury is rather small and does not bleed much, you can easily apply the court plaster.
However, in case it is big or the bleeding is strong, you should use the wound textile (such as gauze or aseptic cloth) and the bandage.
The stores offer the wide range of bandages but in the worst-case scenario, you may take any cloth to fix the wound textile on the right place.
How to clean an infected wound at home?
The running sore may lead to the blood poisoning, gangrene, and death.
The compress of the milled wheat which was cooked in the wine or water.
Apply such compress for a long time.
Besides, you can make the compress from the boiled mashed potato.
The running sores might be cleaned by the wine.
In addition, the massage therapy with the cod-liver oil is said to be helpful, too.
The chamomile infusion.
Soak the textile in the chamomile infusion and apply it to the running sore.
Leave it there for an hour.
This manipulation will dry the area and prevent the appearance of the purulence.
It does not mean you have to use it directly on the skin but even eating honey is effective in treating running sores.
Honey is said to be the natural remedy for various diseases due to the powerful antioxidant characteristics.
You should cut the onions into small pieces and make the porridge consistency.
Apply it to the wound for 5-6 hours and it will eliminate the purulence and dry it.
How to clean an infected wound in the hospital?
The medical practice has developed the general rules and approaches to cleaning the injuries on the skin.
4 medicinal ways to clean a wound:
Surgery presupposes cleaning the wound, opening the edema and the decompressive cuts in places where the purulence is gathered.
If the running sore spreads on the extensive area, the drain tube is made.
It helps to remove the purulence gradually.
Plastic surgery is required in the most severe cases.
The local method.
The local method of treatment is mostly needed when the injuries on the skin are relatively small.
Such treatment can be outpatient or at home according to the doctor’s recommendation.
The physiotherapy aid.
The physiotherapy is done by means of UHF, magnetic-laser therapies, and ultraviolet irradiation.
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How to clean an open wound?
Before you process the cut, you must wash your hands with soap.
It will decrease the risk of infection.
Wash the injury with the cold flowing water.
Keep the cut under the stream of water for a couple of minutes.
This way, you’ll remove the dirt that can become the reason why the infection appears.
Blot the wound with a cotton pad.
You should do it, lest the wound opened.
In addition, you must check if it has any foreign objects.
If there are some, you must get rid of them.
In order to clean the dirt, you may use the pincers which were initially processed with alcohol.
Wash the wound with the salt solution to clean it and prevent the infection.
Use the 0,9% salt solution.
Every time you need to wash the wound you may take this solution.
Do not use hydrogen peroxide or iodine.
Hydrogen peroxide is not very effective in destroying the bacteria.
Moreover, it slows down the speed of recovery and irritates the damaged zone.
Iodine irritates the cuts, too.
Wash the wound with clean water or the physiological solution.
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How to clean a deep wound?
3 significant conditions of how to clean a deep cut:
Define how deep the cut is.
Look attentively and estimate whether you need to turn to a doctor or you are able to cure it at home.
In case the cut is very deep, you should better visit a doctor.
If the wound is serious, perhaps, you’ll have to get some stitches.
Turn to the first-aid station if you have the following symptoms:
- You can see the muscles or the body fat.
- The wound stays open even after you removed the cotton pad.
- The injury is close to the joint where it cannot be healed without stitches.
- The bleeding is serious and does not stop within 10 minutes.
- The cut is open or the artery is damaged. The blood from the artery is usually bright red and the stream is very intense.
Stop the bleeding.
Regardless of how deep the cut is, the first thing you must do is to stop the bleeding by a cotton pad.
Keep the pad on the injury for 10 minutes.
As soon as you stop the bleeding, you can go on processing the injury.
- Do not push too hard. If you push very hard, you might only make the situation still worse.
- If the blood soaks through the pad, you can put one more at the top to absorb the blood.
- Visit a doctor if the blood stream is very intense.
Use the tourniquet only in the extreme situations.
Apply it only when you see that you lose too much blood.
The improper application can lead to the serious damage of the limbs and it might even lead to amputation.
How to clean an open wound using some tips and warnings?
Try to avoid using aroma ointment and products which contain the chemical substances.
Face cream or body lotion won’t help you to heal the wound.
- Do not remove the skin slough because it must fall apart naturally.
- Try to hydrate the skin around the damaged zone because its dryness promotes the stripping of the skin slough which breaks the effectiveness of the regenerative process (as a result, you can have the scars).
- Keep the wound clean and do not apply the bandage.
- In order to get rid of the scars, you can use ointments or the oil with vitamin E only on the damaged zone.
- Do not touch it very often to speed up the healing.
- In case you have not noticed the improvement after 3 or 4 weeks, you must immediately go to a doctor.
- If you have a serious cut or burn, you should not use the methods which are described in this article and go to a doctor at once.
- Keep the cut from the impact of the sun because it might lead to the scars (especially, if the sun influences more than 10 minutes).
How to clean a wound?
Insignificant damages of the skin or the appeared running sores can be effectively treated both at home and in the hospital.
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