How to Make a Bonsai Tree: Detailed Guidance

How to make a bonsai tree picking the seeds + planting +proper care +shaping training of crown?


The ancient technology of growing bonsai trees requires from the gardeners and amateurs much strength and patience.

However, the result won’t make you regret the spent efforts.

A bonsai tree will become the pearl of any interior.

Today, we’ll discuss how to make a bonsai tree on your own.

What is a bonsai tree?

This word comes from Japan and its translation means a tree in a bowl.

A classic bonsai is a tiny copy of a real tree at a scale of 1 to 100.

Bonsai trees are grown for decades.

The older and more beautiful they become the more valuable flowerpots are made in order to emphasize the nobleness of the composition.

In Japan, the pots are made by order and manually so that the vessel perfectly fit the master’s image.

The patient laymen of plant growing find it very exciting to grow a bonsai from the seeds.

In order to get the desired result, one must spend several years taking good care of the grains, then of the sprout and, finally, of the small plant.

The proper care can help to grow almost any plant.

No special conditions are required.

You must simply make and maintain the favorable climate which is required for a certain type.

Nevertheless, anyone who wants to learn how to make a bonsai tree definitely needs the certain knowledge.

How to pick the seeds to make a bonsai tree?

Choosing the bonsai seeds, you’d better prefer those kinds of trees that can grow in your climate conditions.

If you are going to keep your bonsai on the balcony or in the garden, you must choose those kinds which grow in your region.

However, if you grow the plant indoors, you can pick any tropical kind.

In the room conditions, you may grow anything that belongs to the following types:

  • Hibiscus;
  • Coffee;
  • Dragon-tree;
  • Bay tree;
  • Schefflera.

In case you have no experience growing them, you should try to make a fig tree because it is the least fastidious.

When you already have some experience in the plant growing, you can make some popular kinds of trees.

For example, a pine or a citrus.

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Among the deciduous the following ones will be suitable:

  • Birch;
  • Oak;
  • Beech;
  • Maple;
  • Pomegranate.

How to prepare the seeds of the bonsai tree for the planting?

Get the seeds ready taking into account the duration of their emergence so that they were ready to be planted at the beginning of summer.

Summer is the time when the plants grow actively and this is the only period when you are able to make the required top removal.

Moreover, they will have enough time to get a little stronger till winter.

Some seeds (such as from pine) are planted as soon as they are received but most of them have to be prepared before planting.

Their coat is hard and does not let the water easily.

That’s why in order to speed up the emergence; the grains are put in the wet environment.

Put some wet sand in the pot and put the seeds on it.

Cover the top with the layer of wet sand.

Then you should wrap the pot in cellophane and put in the cold place for 1 – 3 months in average.

Two or three days before planting you should put the seeds in warm water.

If you want the grains to swell faster, you can file their coat.

Make sure you process them with some kind of fungicide.

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How to make a bonsai tree properly?

The soil for the plant is the mixture of two parts of humus with sand.

The soil, as well as the seeds, must be prepared for the planting: disinfect it with the help of steam, dry and sieve.

7 essential steps of how to make a bonsai:

  1. The prepared grains must be planted in the clean and wide flowerpot with the seal leakages.

    The whole pot must be processed with manganese solution.

    The height of the flowerpot is about 5 cm.

  2. Firstly, fill it with the layer of the seal and a layer of the prepared soil.
  3. Firm up the soil and put the grains.

    Cover with the light layer of soil but if it is very light-demanding, you should not do it.

    Simply push them a little into the soil.

  4. If the grains are big, you should sprinkle them with soil so that its density was twice bigger than the diameter of the grain.

    Use the spade to firm up the sand.

  5. Now you need to water them.

    Lest you washed away all the sand from the seeds, you should cut from the thin paper a circle of the same diameter as the flowerpot; place this paper on the soil and water it.

  6. Create the hothouse condition and put a glass top on the flowerpot.

    You can also use a plastic bottle or polyethylene.

    Place the pot in the light place with the average temperature of 20 degrees (and not more than 25).

  7. Hide the grains from the sun and remember to check the soil’s humidity, to turn the glass and wipe off the condensed water vapor, and to air.

How to take care of the young bonsai tree?

8 conditions you need to know to take the proper care of the young bonsai tree:

  1. When the first sprout appears, you must set the top higher.

    Take it off for several hours per day to air and gradually increase the time.

    As soon as the first leaves appear, you can take it off permanently.

  2. The first appeared 3-4 leaves are the sign that it’s time you discovered how to transplant it.

    Set the seedlings far from each other or in the separate flowerpots.

    Moreover, you must cut two third of the roots.

  3. You can apply fertilizer only 1,5 months after transplantation.

    If the seedlings are growing and developing well, you can transplant them several times.

  4. Closer to autumn, you can get them ready for the resting.

    Stop feeding them and put on the cold windowsill.

  5. In spring, you can start transplanting them again.

    The soil must be new every time and consist of the humus, clay, sand, and mold.

  6. Constantly watch it receives enough light.

    If it lacks light, the sprouts will stretch a lot and this will be considered a drawback.

    In case you need it, add artificial light.

  7. Bonsai trees love intermediate moisture.

    In summer and in a warm room you must definitely spray them.

    You’ll have to water them often, too, because the soil in a low flowerpot gets dry very fast.

  8. 2 or 3 years later, when the plant is strong enough, you will be able to start shaping training of crown.

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How to shape training of crown in a bonsai tree: 9 important stages

  1. In spring, the top and the side trailing must be cut off.

    After it, the body starts to get thicker and its height will stay low.

    In summer the tree should be put outside, while in winter you must keep it in the non-frozen rooms.

  2. You’ll repeat the cuts many months and years.

    Every year you should take the bonsai from the pot and cut its roots.

  3. When the body is thick enough, you leave several buds for the branches.

    From this moment on you work on shaping training of crown.

  4. You must wait till the branches are big enough.

    After it, you leave several of them for the further training of crown and cut the rest.

  5. In order to add shape to the branches, you can use wire (aluminum or copper).

    The thickness of the wire must correspond to the branches.

    Carefully wrap it around the body and branches and set the desired direction.

  6. The ends of the branches should be pinched so that they developed in a better way.
  7. Correct the wire watching how the bonsai tree grows.

    Regularly cut the young sprouts so that the tree branch out and stayed small.

  8. When you make the perfect bonsai, you should pick the suitable flowerpot and think over the whole final setting.
  9. After the transplantation, your bonsai can be considered to be ready.

    In the future, you’ll need to learn how to cut the branches regularly to maintain the wanted shape.

How to make a bonsai tree?

The sequence of all steps will help you grow your bonsai tree.

The real bonsai which you made personally will bring you many positive emotions and become a perfect decoration for your home.

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